Page Four

Please sign the petition to stop putting sewage effluent on food crops.

Risk Group Classification for Infectious Agents

Field of Bad Dreams - The Waste Land

Comments published by EPA on Enforcement

News Release from Region 7: Federal and State Agencies to Continue Investigation of Tannery Sludge
Distribution to Northwest Missouri Farms (Hexavalent tannery chromium VI disposed of on farmland as

Press Release -- Help for Sewage Victims -- Fecal coliform test study, pathogens in sludge.

Press Release -- Carolina Concerned Citizens -- IS SEWAGE SLUDGE REALLY FREE FERTILIZER
TO THE FARMER? Chemicals in sludge.

6/11/2009  CDC: Food-borne Illnesses Underreported

Food Companies Are Placing the Onus for Safety on Consumers (NY Times)
Laboratory claims that coliform are not pathogens

Laboratory Hazards of Hazardous Substances and pathogens
It is amazing how Biosolids and Reclaimed water neutralizes all hazardous substances and pathogens
when they are used on grazing lands, food crops, parks, school grounds, home lawns and gardens or in
drinking water. Aren't people lucky food and water doesn't come out of a laboratory or industrial facility
where all this stuff could kill them ?

Creating hybrid viruses is not new
In the current 2009 swine flu outbreak scientist say, Unique virus connected to cases in Calif. and Texas;
source still a mystery.  You have to wonder if scientists created their own pandemic?

Sludgicide -- causing death, disease, behavioral abnormalities, cancer, genetic mutations, physiological
malfunctions (including malfunction in reproduction), or physical deformations in either organisms
(humans- animals, etc.) or offspring (children) of the organisms through exposure to
Click on link for more

Sixteen years after the sewage experts at the Water Environment Federation (WEF) funded the Powell and
Tate Public Relations Scheme to Change Public Perception of Sludge "Horror Stories", the Water
Environment Research Foundation (WERF sewage experts) are at it again.  The 1993 PR Program was in
response to  the
EPA promise that exposure to the pollutants (organic, inorganic chemicals and pathogen)
in sludge could cause death, disease, cancer, etc.,  Two years later EPA acknowledged it did not include
risk assessment for chemicals, considered that metals did not cause cancer, and could not do a
pathogen risk assessment.

Since sludge victims discovered: 1) there is no risk assessment; 2) coliform are really pathogenic disease
organisms; 3) the coliform test suppress  up to 2 million other pathogens; 4) fecal coliform is
thermotolerant E. coli; and 5) the fecal coliform test deliberately inactivates or eliminates any bacteria that
do not replicate at 44.5°C  (112.1°F), WERF is focusing on risk communication.

In January 2009
WERF started  Pilot testing:  Epidemiologic Surveillance and Investigation of
Complaints/Symptoms of Illness Reported by Neighbors of Biosolids Land Application and other Soil
Amendments. "The researchers completed an Internal Review Board (IRB) application and submitted it for
approval after communicating with IRB staff on numerous occasions regarding consent and confidentiality
issues. Following the IRB advice,
they submitted an application for a waiver of written consent because
they believed the data collection methods not only protected confidentiality, but the “health” data
collected did not rise to the level of a medical record or data collected from a clinical trial." Principal
Investigator:  Paul Rosile, Ohio, Franklin County Board of Health with WERF Program Manager: Lola

Actually, this was supposed to be the guide for the
EPA/WEF Rapid Incident Response to Health
Complaints From Land Application of Biosolids. They started with the infamous 1985 "Ohio Study"
Municipal Sewage Applications on Ohio Farms. Health Effects,  which was never completed and want to
end with an Epidemiologic Surveillance and investigation of complaints 24 yeas later -- but no names or
medical data please.

WERF is [now] seeking subscriber help with [its] risk communications research. "The research, expected
to begin in March, will provide WERF subscribers with biosolids pathogen risk assessment and strategic
risk communications tools. It will help local officials and regulators determine the effectiveness of
biosolids regulations and make needed enhancements."

All testing for Pathogens are not Equal or Truthful


"In 1910, Teddy Roosevelt observed that "[C]ivilized people should be able to dispose of sewage in a
better way than putting it in the drinking water." (Nancy Stoner, NRDC)

    One hundred years later, after spending 69 billion in the 70s on  sewage treatment plants,
    sewage experts are not only putting antibiotic resistant pathogen contaminated sewage in
    drinking water, they are putting it on our food and where our children play. It is time we require
    the wastewater industry, FDA, and EPA to quit misleading the public, work in the real world, with
    real science, just as hospitals must do when they test for  infectious disease causing
    organisms in humans. If the required testing was for bacteria that grow at optimum temperature
    became the standard, without suppressing pathogenic bacteria they don't want to find, there
    would be no sludge biosolids or reclaimed water use near food supplies or our children and all
    water would be safer. If the wastewater industry did not lie about the nature of the tests they
    would not be exposing the public to so many pathogenic disease organisms and health cost
    would be reduced.

The safety of our food, water and health depends on honest and accurate testing for pathogenic disease
causing microorganisms such as
bacteria, viruses, helminths, protozoa, fungi. Preventing exposure of  
food and water to these disease causing microorganisms is  the first step in protecting our health.  Our
first line of defense in preventing exposure to these disease causing microorganisms are the water
quality professionals -- sewage experts, drinking water experts and regulators. Yet, it is their unqualified
opinion that the
Enterobacteriaceae family of gram-negative bacteria  (coliform) which includes Salmonella
and E. coli are non-disease causing microorganisms which are only an indicator of fecal contamination and
potential for pathogenic disease microorganism contamination. Sewage experts only want unqualified
proof of human or animal fecal contamination. They claim this is accomplished by the ability of the test to
isolate the intestinal bacteria E. coli (f
ecal coliform)  from food or water or isolate thermotolerant E. coli in
an elevated temperature test. However, E. coli 0157:H7 does not show up in the test.

People who are exposed to sewage and sludge biosolids (sewage effluents) are likely to wind up dead or
dead broke fighting for justice.  Now before you jump to the conclusion that I am just a cranky old man who
doesn't like sludge or the regulators, which is true, you should do a little research. EPA promised you in
503.9(t) that if you are exposed to the pollutants (organic and/or inorganic chemicals as well as
pathogens or any combination thereof) in sewage products through direct contact or the air, food, or
water they could kill you (cause disease, death, cancer as well as physical and/or mental damage and the
Administrator has the documentation in his files to prove it. My heroes are William Sanjour, Hugh Kaufman
and microbiologist David Lewis. These gentlemen worked for EPA, but they were and or trying to protect
you. They put their career and money on the line in court battle after court battle to keep the truth in front
of politicians and the public. Politicians just don't listen, yet.  

The rest of the sewage experts do not seem to understand they don't need a fecal indicator test for
sewage sludge biosolids. After all this is concentrated fecal material. Finding and understanding the facts
about pathogens (bacteria, viruses, helminths, protozoa, fungi) in sewage effluent and sludge dumped on
farms and children's playgrounds or the tests for them is not easy. Getting complete truthful answers from
the wastewater industry sewage experts and regulators is very difficult.  Getting accurate data on food
poisoning and waterborne infections is virtually impossible. Finding that the regulators use tests that
suppress pathogens and lie about the nature of the bacteria the test show must be a criminal act against
farmers who accept sludge and their neighbors.

Tests for coliform, fecal coliform and E. coli allow pathogens in food
and water

Can you imaging a test hiding 2 million bacterial pathogens while looking for a few indicator
microorganisms that might indicate pathogens are present? Would It be even more disturbing to find the
indicator microorganisms are pathogens? Figuring out what a coliform is, is a chore in itself even with the
Internet. Only a few bacteria are ever mentioned as a part of the coliform group.

We should remember that while the test sample is cooking for 24 hour to eliminate any bacteria that don't
grow at 112.1°F, the same bacteria in the recycled sewage destined for farms and playgrounds are
doubling or tripling ever hour at optimum temperature.

Fecal coliform numbers for Class B sludge biosolids are based on average counts in
7 samples collected
over a two week period. For Class A there is no set number of samples.

In the cheap
Presence / Absence (P/A)  drinking water test a special reagent is added to sample and
incubated for 24 hours. The bacteria change color.
  • Yellow = total coliforms
  • Yellow/fluorescent = E. coli

If a municipality is required to do 40 samples a month, 5% of the samples may be contaminated with
bacteria without a boil water order.

Other tests only measure some of the
Enterobacteriaceae family of gram-negative bacteria  (coliform) that
ferment lactose and produce gas. They do not measure other pathogenic
bacteria, viruses, helminths,
protozoa, fungi. When sewage contaminants get into the drinking water sources even the test does
nothing to assure the safety of drinking water as noted by the manufacture of the tests:
             When non-targets grow and mimic target organisms, false positives
    occur. Growth of non-targets can also suppress target organisms
    and give false negatives in traditional media. To suppress non-
    targets, traditional media often include high levels of salts,
    detergents, or other selective agents—which may inadvertently
    suppress target organisms and give further false negatives.

    Identifies E. coli specifically, which eliminates unneeded public
    notification due to Klebsiella pneumoniae.
    Suppresses up to 2 million heterotrophs per 100 mL. Colilert®

We should be concerned about the accuracy of any test and when the test was
done. According to the Federal Food and Drug Administration,
  • If only one bacteria survives treatment it can cause adverse health
  • Bacteria can double their numbers in 20 minutes under optimal conditions.
  • They divide rapidly at 80° to 105° F (27° to 41° C).
  • A single bacterium can grow to millions in 10 to 12 hours!    
[24 hours  x 2 divisions hr = 8,388,608 bacteria]
             [24 hours  x 3 divisions hr = 284,429,536,481 bacteria]
  • Foodborne pathogenic bacteria grow best at human body   
             temperature (98.6° F, 37° C) and can divide 2 to 3 times per hour.
  • Bacteria can multiply at temperatures between about 33.34° F
             (1° C) and 125° F (52° C).
  • Bacteria need many of the same nutrients as humans in order to
             thrive, such as glucose, amino acids, and some vitamins and
  • Most bacteria thrive in moist environments.
  • Water, wind, insects, plants, and animals can carry bacteria.

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