Help for Sewage Victims
Research studies on toxic sludge / biosolids / reclaimed water: 8-21-2009
Compiled by Jim Bynum updated October 3, 2009
This is a living document that will keep growing.
This is the latest and most current research focusing on disease causing organisms -- an immediate danger. While
chemicals and toxic heavy metals are dangerous, the greatest damage to your health may not show up for 5 to 20
years and/or affecting the first and second generation.
This section contains early studies that show EPA, FDA, and USDA knew they were putting public health and the
foodchain in jeopardy through antibiotic/chorine resistant bacteria released from treatment plants. Federal Agencies
make it difficult for the public to understand how dangerous this situation is by using confusing language in laws and
regulations. No agency uses the same term for the group of infectious disease causing agents.
Every law and agency regulation has different terms for the chemicals or pathogens which can cause illness and
death. None of the laws work the closer these chemicals and pathogens are placed in a position for people to be
exposed. EPA claims the laws mandated the disposal of sewage effluent and sludge on land treatment sites in 1974 to
prevent contamination of surface water.
EPA -- Draft Manual for Infectious Waste Management SW-957 -- September 1982
1. Antibiotic Resistance Markers used in recombinant DNA.
2 . Health and Safety -- Part 503.9(t) assures you that if you are exposed to chemicals as well as disease
causing pathogenic pollutant organisms in sludge / biosolids directly, or through the air, foodchain or
water, they could cause death, disease, cancer or other physical and mental health problems, including
3. Food Contamination -- The rate of foodborne illnesses has increased in proportion to the use of sewage sludge /
biosolids / reclaimed water as a fertilizer / soil amendment / irrigation on agricultural land, parks, school
grounds, golf courses, home lawns and gardens.
4. Water and Reclaimed water -- Gene transfer within bacteria and increased percentage of antibiotic resistant
bacteria have been documented in sewage treatment plants from the first studies until the last recent
studies. The same is true for chlorine resistant bacteria. Most drinking water systems are contaminated
with bacterial biofilms.
5. Land Use (Disposal) of Sewage Sludge / biosolids -- Studies document survival of bacteria for over 70 weeks
before going dormant and subsequent revival of bacteria on grazing land. Yet, for 30 years it has been the
national policy to dispose of sludge / biosolids on grazing and food crop production lands.
6. Composting sewage sludge /biosolids -- causes most bacteria to go dormant temporarily due to lack of nutrients
7. Tests for Bacteria in Sewage, Water and Food -- Without food and moisture bacteria go dormant. Heat also
inhibits or suppresses the growth of bacteria. The elevated temperature of the fecal coliform test for
thermotolerant E. coli inhibits the growth of E. coli and suppresses the growth of other enteric bacteria
known as coliform. Yet, it is used for food, water, and sludge / biosolids. The higher the temperature, the
less bacteria found
8. Bacteria survival in and on produce and in soil -- Purpose of study determines where bacteria is found.
9. Public Relations Programs Designed to Fool the Public and Farmers.
10. Viruses in Sewage and Water