8/10th of 1% of Population Died
             Research Indicates Many May be Victims of Sewage Exposure!
                                           Is it Significant?
"EPA concluded that adequate protection of public health and the environment did not require the adoption of
standards designed to protect human health or the environment under exposure conditions that are unlikely and
where effects were not significant or widespread." (Federal Register vol. 58, p. 9252)
By Jim Bynum, VP                                                                                                                                                                        Revised   11/29/2008
Help for Sewage Victims
Retired Safety Consultant

In reviewing CDC's death and mortality report for 2005, I was struck by the fact that smoking, pathogenic disease
mircoorganisms and chemicals  were not implicated in the top 15 causes of death. This seemed a little strange as the
experts claim smoking causes 500,000 deaths annually in the United States. Not only that but  in
1998 CDC estimated
there were 360 million cases of acute diarrhea (120% of the population), most from unknown sources of exposure.
1999, (CDC) has used the same estimated  76 million foodborne cases annually (25% of the population),
325,000 Hospitalized and 5,000 deaths. CDC still uses these figures = 6.3 million illnesses per month,  27,000 people
hospitalized each month, 416 dead each month. CDC estimated "More than 200 known diseases are transmitted
through food." Yet, when sewage sludge biosolids "fertilizer" is spread on crop land EPA only requires testing for a
minor group of thermotolerant bacteria. CDC states "The causes of foodborne illness include viruses, bacteria,
parasites, toxins, metals, and
prions (toxic pollutants in sewage), and acknowledges the symptoms of foodborne
illness [or waterborne illness] range from mild gastroenteritis to life-threatening neurologic [brain, spinal cord and
nerves - No. 3], hepatic [liver - No. 12], and renal syndromes [Kidney -No. 9]"

The primary exposure route of infection is the mouth where infectious organisms create a biofilm on teeth (plaque) that
may cause disease in the gums, then spread to blood (Septicemia - No. 9). Soil, plant and animal microorganisms are
now human pathogens. Therefore, the infectious route may also be through the inflamed stomach lining into blood.
"Gastroenteritis means inflammation of the stomach and small and large intestines. Viral gastroenteritis is an infection
caused by a variety of viruses that results in vomiting or diarrhea. It is often called the "stomach flu," although it is not
caused by the influenza viruses. Many different viruses can cause gastroenteritis, including
rotaviruses, noroviruses,
40 or 41, sapoviruses, and astroviruses. Viral gastroenteritis is not caused by bacteria (such as
Salmonella or Escherichia coli) or parasites (such as Giardia), or by medications or other medical conditions, although
the symptoms may be similar. "  "
Viral gastroenteritis is the second most common illness in the U.S."

The questions are: 1.) how could we be expose to the pollutants in sewage; and 2.) can they be implicated in the top
15 causes of death?

EPA acknowledges that in sludge biosolids these pollutants could cause  cause "death, disease, behavioral
abnormalities, cancer, genetic mutations, physiological malfunctions (including malfunction in reproduction), or
physical deformations in either organisms or offspring of the organisms" through the air, foodchain and water. That is
a modified definition from the Clean Water Act for
toxic pollutant which only addresses organisms in water. EPA
expects you to read its Terms of Environment:
Organism:[is] Any form of animal or plant life. We happen to be land
organisms referred to as humans under the
RCRA Solid Waste Act who may be harmed be hazardous waste. The
most unusual position EPA has taken for bacteria is that it bases the safety of sludge biosolids on a test for certain
members of the family of Enterobacteriaceae bacteria
(coliform) that only grow at elevated temperatures of 44.5° C.
(112.1° F) rather than the optimal growth temperature of 35-37°C (95-99°F).. EPA refers to these thermotolerant
bacteria as
Fecal Coliform.

For the past 20 years I have wonder why EPA had no concern for the health of rural communities (and now urban
communities) exposed to toxic pollutants and  
contaminants in  sewage sludge biosolids and reclaimed water.  
There appears to be four reasons for the original lack of concern for public health: 1.) the farming community
comprises less than 2% of the population ("
there's  hardly anybody out there"); 2.) annual deaths in the United States
are less than 1% of the population  (not a significant number); 3.) virtually impossible to prove cause and effect from
sewage pollutants (very expensive tests and difficult to get samples);  and 4.) it is cheaper to dispose of pollutant
contaminated sludge biosolids as a fertilizer and pollutant contaminated sewage effluent as reclaimed water rather
than properly dispose or treat the waste products.

During the past 20 + years EPA has promoted the spreading of pollutant contaminated
sludge biosolids with up to 97%
water on grazing land, food crop production land, forest, golf courses, parks, school grounds as well as on home lawns
and gardens. At the same time, pollutant contaminated sewage effluent has been promoted for recharge of ground
water as well as irrigation of food crops, parks, lawns, golf courses and toilet flushing.  Not only was the potential there
for the pollutant to contaminate ground water, the pollutants aerosolized into the air and  washed off the land during
storm events. When you consider that many wastewater treatment plants are out of compliance and don't adequately
treat the sewage effluent due to equipment malfunction or operator error, it is understandable that much of our
surface water is contaminated.

Our drinking water treatment plants are not equipped to handle the extra pollutant
contaminant loads, especially
viruses. Throw in equipment malfunctions, or operator error, and we are exposed to unknown quantities of pollutants --
especially disease causing organisms.  The public is already at risk because of built in testing errors. EPA's standard
test methods only address the small family of gram negative  
Enterobacteriaceae bacteria it refers to as coliform -- and
they are now all pathogens. The major testing error is that the approve coliiform test actually suppress  another very
deadly gram negative bacteria,
Aeromonas spp,  that may be in your drinking water.  The Enterobacteriaceae
organisms also require  the l
owest level of disinfectant chemicals to inactivate this family of  bacteria, which means the
bacteria may still be
viable, but nonculturable by standard test methods. A second error is that while the coliform
bacteria replicate about every twenty minutes, some bacteria may take two weeks or longer to replicate once. Some
pathogenic organisms can not be cultured. While we focus on foodborne infections, the truth is you could get an
infection from drinking water, taking a bath or taking a shower -- even a so called sexually transmitted disease.

This research indicates that pathogenic and chemical pollutants may be implicated in 12 of the 15 top death
Double click on the category heading to view some of the pathogenic and chemical pollutants
that may contribute to the deaths.

Mortality experience in 2005
In 2005, a total of 2,448,017 resident deaths [0.008% (8/10 of 1 %) of population] were registered in the United States.
--  U.S. Population 301,139,947 (July 2007 est.)

The age-adjusted death rate, which takes the aging of the population into account, was 798.8 deaths per 100,000
U.S. standard population.
Life expectancy at birth was 77.8 years.
The 15 leading causes of death in 2005 were the following:                                         Total????

1.   Diseases of heart (heart disease)                                                                                         652,091
Malignant neoplasms (cancer)                                                                                              559,312
Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke)                                                                                         143,579
Chronic lower respiratory diseases                                                                                         130,933

5. Accidents (unintentional injuries)                                                                                            117,809

Diabetes mellitus (diabetes)                                                                                                      75,119
Alzheimer’s disease                                                                                                                  71,599
Influenza and pneumonia                                                                                                          63,001
Nephritis ,nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis (kidney disease)                                                43,901
Septicemia                                                                                                                             34,136
Intentional self-harm (suicide)                                                                                                 32,637
Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis                                                                                   27,530
Essential (primary) hypertension and hypertensive renal                                                       24,902
disease (hypertension)
Parkinson’s disease                                                                                                            19,544
15.Assault (homicide)                                                                                                                   18,124

Other implicated Causes

MRSA                                                                                                                                            19,000
While the waste industry is spreading Staphylococcus {MRSA)  contaminated sludge and reclaimed  water in the
communities, farmers and doctors are being blamed for the misuse of antibiotics. Doctors  have not yet made a
connection to
necrotizing soft tissue infections and infectious agents in sludge biosolids / reclaimed  water.

"In the past 10 years, subgingival plaque bacteria forming biofilms have been increasingly reported to be involved in
systemic diseases. A close relationship between microbial infections and vascular disease has also been reported in
the past two decades."

Stomach -- Abdominal
Bacteria may also enter the bloodstream from the stomach and intestine

According to
Dr David M Morens, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health,
"Infectious diseases are responsible for 15 million (26%) of 57 million annual deaths in a global population of
6·2 billion,  a proportion that could rise substantially as chronic diseases continue to be reclassified as infectious—eg,
cervical cancer (
human papillomavirus), Kaposi’s sarcoma (human herpesvirus), and Helicobacter pylori ulcers, among

What can we expect in the future?

EPIDEMICS?    PANDEMICS?   Is it a COINCIDENCE? Parallels sludge biosolids use!
Accurate and current data is hard to come by, but there is enough data to notice a definite trend that
these are no longer Orphan Diseases (a disease that affects fewer than 200,000 people in the U.S.)

Based on CDC Estimates for the year 2005,  that 80,700,000 people [26% of population] in the United States have
one or more forms of cardiovascular disease (CVD), it can only get worse than the annual figure of 2,448,017
reported deaths when you compare that figure to the 19,000,000 cases of acute heart attack, stroke and heart failure.
  • High blood pressure — 73,000,000.
  • Coronary heart disease — 16,000,000.
  • Myocardial infarction (mi"o-KAR'de-al in-FARK'shun) (acute heart attack) — 8,100,000.
  • Angina pectoris (AN'jih-nah or an-JI'nah PEK'tor-is) (chest pain or discomfort caused by reduced blood supply to
    the heart muscle) — 9,100,000.
  • Stroke — 5,800,000.
  • Heart Failure — 5,300,000

Based on my experence, sudden high blood pressure led to finding thick blood and mini-strokes. That led to finding a
95% blood clot blockage in the carotid artery -- cerebrovascular disease. If you can afford the fare it is not a significant
problem. For 26,000 + dollars, they will cut your throat, split open the artery, clean blockage out, sew you up and send
you home within 24 hours. As you can see, taking into account the miracle of modern medicine, EPA had a point, for
them "effects were not significant or widespread."

"There are numerous conditions that are associated with
“thick blood”. Autoimmune disease, infectious diseases like
Lyme's, toxic states like heavy metal or chemical toxicity, cardiovascular disease, MS, chronic fatigue, and fibromyalgia
are just a few of these disorders. The most common symptoms of hypercoagulability are fatigue, mental fogginess,
pain, stroke, and circulatory deficiency like poor leg or heart blood flow. In fact, there is some thought now that most
chronic diseases may be at least in part caused by a
hypercoagulable state."  "Acquired means you develop it later in
life. Some medical situations can lead to the formation of abnormal blood clots. These include cancer, recent surgery
or trauma, obesity, liver or kidney disease, and use of certain medications."

Blood clots may be associated with biofilms.
"Biofilms may form on a wide variety of surfaces, including living tissues,
indwelling medical devices, industrial or potable water system piping, or natural aquatic systems."

Biofilm-associated microorganisms have been shown to be associated with several human diseases, such as native
valve endocarditis and cystic fibrosis, and to colonize a wide variety of medical devices. Though epidemiologic
evidence points to biofilms as a source of several infectious diseases, the exact mechanisms by which biofilm-
associated microorganisms elicit disease are poorly understood.

In reviewing the scientific studies and media reports two points stand out:
Scientists can find pathogenic pollutants in meat, vegetables, on shopping carts, on computer keyboards,
in aerosols from toilets, and in hand soap dispensers, but the biosolids experts can not find pathogenic pollutants
where they are concentrated, in sludge biosolids and reclaimed water and don't test for spore forming bacteria.

This is definitely not
rocket science bacteria research, which understands the cause of "sick building syndrome".  
"Scientists at the
Jet Propulsion Laboratory have found that dust particles can carry multiple spore forming bacteria on
a single speck of dust which  may survive all treatment processes. In a study of dust particles entering space craft at
the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Y. Lin, et al., Quantification of spore-forming bacteria
carried by dust particles, state, "Our data also confirms the existence of multiple spores on a single particle and spore
clumps." (2)"

Are there options to prevent exposure?

Clean energy alternatives to landspreading sewage sludge "biosolids"
Helane Shields Said:
    It is short sighted to suggest the only way to get rid of toxic/pathogenic sewage sludge "biosolids" is
    landfilling, incineration or land spreading.    Sludge spreading, with its vile odors and swarms of filthy flies,
    is a public health risk.  Airborne dusts, gases and pathogens make people sick.  Sludge has killed
    livestock and contaminated land and water. Family pets track this pathogenic waste into homes on their
    feet and fur, exposing residents to illness.

    Europe and Japan are  rapidly discontinuing land application to preserve their agricultural soil untainted.
    They are reducing their dependence on imported oil, and reducing greenhouse gases by utilizing new,
    non-polluting technologies such as pyrolysis, gasification and plasma arc incineration to convert sewage
    sludge from contaminated waste to a valuable renewable resource to cleanly and economically produce  
    biogas, heat, electricity, power and energy.

    Today's new thermal (heat) treatment technologies are NOT the pollution belching incinerators of the past.